Villon, François

(ca. 1431-ca. 1463)
   poet
   François Villon, whose works reflect his controversial life and who is often considered France's outstanding lyric poet, was born in or near Paris. His original name was probably either de Montcorbier or des Loges, but he assumed the name Villon in honor of his professor Guillaume de Villon. While earning a bachelor of arts (1449) and a master of arts (1452) at the sorbonne, Villon was involved in the boisterous academic life of the age and, in 1455, killed a priest in a street brawl. A year later, he was involved in a theft and consequently was banished. During the next four years (1456-60), he wandered throughout France and was arrested but pardoned because of the influence of charles d'orléans and King louis xi. Villon's poems, often octosyllabic, like Les Lais (or Petit Testament, 1456) and Le Testament (or Grand Testament, 1461), sometimes in decasylla-bles, as in L'Épitaphe Villon (called also Ballad des perdus, 1463), express the originality, beauty, and evocativeness of his verse. Moving between sensual aspirations and poignant pessimism, between immorality and profound religious faith (Le Débat du corps et du Cœur, 1461), between irony and a sense of the tragic, and between realism and lyricism, Villon's writings reveal him to be a master of language and, as some have described him, "the first modern poet."

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Villon, François — (1431–1463)    Since medievalists have rediscovered the 15th century as a fertile period in the history of late medieval literature, they have always celebrated the provocative, often outrageous, poems by François Villon.His contemporaries,… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Villon, François — Vil·lon (vē yōɴʹ), François. 1431 1463?. French poet. His satirical lyrics are contained in Le Petit Testament (c. 1456) and Le Testament (c. 1461). * * * orig. François de Montcorbier or François des Loges born 1431, Paris, France died after… …   Universalium

  • Villon, François — (1431 ca. 1463)    French poet, usually classed as a late medieval rather than a Renaissance author since his works lack the classicizing style associated with the French Renaissance. Yet his poetry was admired by leading figures of the… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Villon, François — ► (1431 63?) Poeta francés. Supo expresar los sentimientos más humanos ante la muerte y los azares de la vida. Obras: Pequeño y Gran testamento y Balada de las damas de antaño, elegía sobre el paso del tiempo, entre otras. * * * orig. François de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • VILLON, FRANÇOIS —    French poet, born in Paris; studied at the university, but led a singular life; had again and again to flee from Paris; was once condemned to death, but set free after a four years imprisonment into which the sentence was commuted; is the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Villon, François — pseud. di de Montcorbier, François …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Francois Villon — François Villon François Villon (Grand Testament de Maistre François Villon, 1489) François de Montcorbier dit Villon (né en 1431 à Paris, disparu en 1463) est un poète français de la fin du Moyen Âge. Il est probablement l auteur français le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François de Moncorbier — François Villon François Villon (Grand Testament de Maistre François Villon, 1489) François de Montcorbier dit Villon (né en 1431 à Paris, disparu en 1463) est un poète français de la fin du Moyen Âge. Il est probablement l auteur français le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François de Montcorbier — François Villon François Villon (Grand Testament de Maistre François Villon, 1489) François de Montcorbier dit Villon (né en 1431 à Paris, disparu en 1463) est un poète français de la fin du Moyen Âge. Il est probablement l auteur français le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François Villon — (in modern French, pronounced|fʀɑ̃swa viˈjɔ̃; in fifteenth century French, IPA| [fʀɑnswɛ viˈlɔn] ) (c. 1431 ndash; after 5 January 1463) was a French poet, thief, and vagabond. He is perhaps best known for his Testaments and his Ballade des… …   Wikipedia

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